INNOKO RIVER (Historic Information)

The tale of the rush to the Innoko, 1906-7, from Fairbanks over 500 miles of winter snow by 1200 miners, less than half of whom reached the diggins, is frequently told by the participants, and is exciting enough without adding exageration. The Innoko has two mouths emptying into the Yukon sixty miles apart. The gold is coarse and a half million dollars is expected out of the spring cleanup. Transportation is the difficulty in the way of success, freight charges are $400 per ton. Flour is now $25 for a hundred pounds. This is a peculiar country, the bed rock is from four to forty feet from the surface, the banks of the rivers are low and a boat drawing eighteen inches of water can not get within two hundred miles of the mines on Gains creek and up the Deetna. Perhaps the most convenient route would be up the Kuskoquim crossing a portage of less than ten miles between James Creek and the Innoko. Small boats push up the Innoko on the spring freshets, but to step off with a ton or more of freight upon the mud flats among the misquitoes, would require the last ounce oi the bravest miner's courage. Poling up the remainder of the way over the tortuous course would consume so much time that the better part of the season would be over before work could be started. In winter the camp can be reached in a three day's "mush" from Kaltag. A large number remained on the river last winter and the cleanup now will be eagerly watched.

The rocks of the country are slaty and the formations are very different from those of the Yukon, Tanana and other river camps.

A road for winter and summer use should be made at once.

The rushes or stampedes to Forty Mile, Sixty Mile. Dawson and Atlin are closely related to Alaskan history, likewise the river and trails from the coast range passes to Eagle, but inasmuch as the one hundred pages, to which we are limited, are far insufficient for the briefest possible history of Alaska, we must omit all outside territory and much of interest within our boundary.

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