DATES OF HISTORICAL INTEREST (Alaska History from 1648 to the 1900s)
1648. Deshneff, rounding Asia, navigates Bering Strait.
1731. Gwosdeff discovers the Alaskan coast.
1741. Bering discovers St. Elias region.
1761-1762. Pushkaref winters on Alaskan Peninsula.
1778. Cook traces north coasts to Icy Cape.
1783. First permanent settlement on Kodiak Island.
1792. Baranoff, Director of the Colonies.
1799. Russian-American Trading Company, chartered, granted monopoly for twenty years, renewed 1821 and 1844. Trading posts and missions established at Sitka and elsewhere.
1802. Tlinkits practically annihilated the Russian garrison at Sitka.
1804. Sitka again occupied and fortified.
1816. Kotzebue, discovering Kotzebue Sound, reaches Cape Krusenstern.
1824. Convention between Russia and the United States regarding boundary, fishing, trading, and navigation. Similar treaty between Russia and Great Britain in 1825.
1825. Father Veniaminof begins his missionary work, establishing a school at Unalaska; made a bishop in 1834.
1826. Beechey discovers Point Barrow, northernmost cape of Alaska.
1831. Baron Wrangell, Director of the Colonies.
1832. Lukeen built redoubt on Kuskokwim, named for Kolmakof, who explored the river in 1820.
1833. St. Michael trading post established.
1837. Simpson completes northern coast-line by connecting Return Reef (Franklin, 1826), with Point Barrow.
1838. Nulato occupied as trading post.
1847. Hudson Bay Company descends the Porcupine and builds Fort Yukon.
1848. American whaling established north of Bering Strait. 1850. Beginning of cattle breeding at Kodiak and Cook Inlet. 1855. Rodgers explores Arctic Ocean to 72° 05' n.
1862. Russian-American Company refused renewal of charter in 1862.
1863. Lukeen ascends (first) the Yukon to Fort Yukon.
1865. Kennicott commences exploration of Yukon for Western Union Telegraph Company. 1867. Russia cedes Alaska to the United States for $7,200,000. United States Army takes possession, establishing posts at Sitka, Tongass, and Wrangell.
1868. United States custom, revenue, and navigation laws extended to Alaska.
1869. Alaskan Commercial Company initiates steam navigation on the Yukon.
1871-1880. Dall surveys Alaskan waters and Bering Strait.
1873. Gold discovered in southeastern Alaska (Treadwell and Juneau).
1877. United States troops withdrawn from Alaska, leaving control to United States Navy and Revenue Marine Service. 1881-83. International polar station at Point Barrow, and system of meteorological stations established by Signal Corps, United States Army.
1885. Laws of Oregon extended to Alaska by Congress. Administrative and judicial officers authorized, mining, educational, and other legislation enacted. 1885. Allen explored Copper, Tanana, and Koyukuk regions. 1893. International conference at Paris established sixty-mile limit for pelagic fur-seal fishery.
1896. Gold discovered in Yukon region. Gold discovered in Tanana Valley.
1897. United States Army returns to Alaska.
1899. Gold discovered in Nome region.
1900. Alaska granted civil government, with judicial and other officials and institutions. 1900-04. United States Military Telegraph System built and installed; consisting of cables from Seattle via Sitka to Skagway, from Sitka to Valdez, and Valdez to Seward and Cordova; of over 2,300 miles of land lines from Valdez via Fairbanks and Fort Gibbon to St. Michael, and from Valdez to Fort Egbert (Eagle); and of wireless system from St. Michael to Safety Harbor, near Nome. 1906. Alaska granted representation in Congress, through a delegate.