THE YUKON (Historic Information)

If it is true that a man six feet tall may look over the level plain fifteen miles at which point the horizon will meet it, then the Yukon, in many places, is more than fifteen miles wide, and at springtime it is a real ocean with numerous bays and islands. It is one of the largest rivers in the world. The Yukon heads in Canada, known as Lewes river and has a length of 2,044 miles, the whole of which with every creek and tributary forms a system of commercial highways for the interior. Much of the country is low, the banks muddy, and the mud is washed about forming islands and mud banks and changing the course of the channels (of which there are many) and a lot of it goes to fill up the Bering Sea. The mouth is about a hundred miles wide, the Aphoon or northern mouth, being the channel used for commerce, the entrance to which is 75 miles southward from St. Michaels, the present fort and wireless station. For years it was the most important Russian post in northern Alaska, the remains of which are still to be seen. Between Norton Sound and the Yukon was, and is, a numerous native population who have many advantages over their Arctic kinsfolk, because of the wood obtainable for numerous uses and abundance of fish and game and less rigorous climate. Small villages, missions and trading stores are numerous, the same being true of the Yukon as far at least as Nulato. So much has been written of this district and it is so well known that I forgoe a repetition of its interesting history.

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